Publication Ethics


All the listed authors must have agreed all of the contents, including the author list and author contributions statements. The corresponding author is responsible for having ensured that this agreement has been reached, that all authors have agreed to be listed and approved the manuscript submission to the journal, and for managing all communication between the journal and all co-authors, before and after publication. Any changes to the author list after submission needs to be approved by every author.

Originality and plagiarism

Manuscripts submitted to the Chulalongkorn Medical Journal must not been published previously and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere. Authors should adhere to publication requirements that submitted work is original, is not plagiarized, and has not been published elsewhere. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable. Authors should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

Human or animal subjects

If the work involves the use of animal or human subjects, the author should ensure that the manuscript constitutes statements of compliance with relevant institutional guidelines. Studies on human and animals require the approval from the institutional review board. Authors should provide a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was acquired for experimentation with human subjects.

Authors should include a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was obtained for experimentation with human subjects. The privacy rights of human subjects must always be observed. For investigations involving human participants or data, or human material samples, or animal studies or samples, appropriate institutional review board or ethics committee approval is required, and such approval must be stated in the Methods section of the manuscript. Research involving human subjects, identifiable human samples (such as urine, blood, serum, or tissue), and personal and health record data must be subjected to a review by a formally constituted institutional ethical review board. Studies must in any case be in accordance with the principles outlined in the contemporary revision of the Declaration of Helsinki of 1964 (World Medical Association (WMA) incorporating the most recent (October 2013) and earlier amendments.

Procedures involving any animal are to be undertaken only with the goal of advancing scientific knowledge and with the explicit approval of an Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) before they begin. All animal experiments must conform to the Animal Research: Reporting of In Vivo Experiments (ARRIVE) guidelines or the revised Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources, Commission on Life Sciences, National Research Council “Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals” Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press; 1996. The European Commission Directive 2010/63/EU revising Directive 86/609/ EEC for animal experiments, the revised Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act (ASPA) 1986 in the UK, or The Animals for Scientific Purposes Act, BE 2558 (AD 2015), which regulates the use of both vertebrates and invertebrates without exception and must be followed for all studies conducted in Thailand. The International Association of Veterinary Editors’ Consensus Author Guidelines on Animal Ethics and Welfare provide further guidance. The authors should clearly indicate in the manuscript that such guidelines have been followed. The sex of animals must be indicated, and where appropriate, the influence (or association) of sex on the results of the study.

Informed Consent

All authors are required to follow the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) requirements on privacy and informed consent from patients and study participants. Please confirm that any patient, service user, or participant (or that person's parent or legal guardian) in any research, experiment, or clinical trial described in the authors’ paper has given written consent to the inclusion of material with regard to themselves, that they acknowledge that they cannot be identified via the paper; and that the authors have fully anonymized them. Where someone is deceased, please ensure the authors have written consent from the family or estate.

Editorial ethics

All of the manuscripts should be prepared based on strict observation of research and publication ethics guidelines recommended by the Council of Science Editors (, the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE,, and the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME, All studies involving human subjects or human data must be reviewed and approved by a responsible Institutional Review Board (IRB). Please refer to the principles embodied in the Declaration of Helsinki ( for all investigations involving human materials. Animal experiments also should be reviewed by an appropriate committee (IACUC) for the care and use of animals. Also studies with pathogens requiring a high degree of biosafety should pass review of a relevant committee (IBC). The approval should be described in the Methods section. For studies of humans including case reports, state whether informed consents were obtained from the study participants. The editor of Chulalongkorn Medical Journal may request submission of copies of informed consents from human subjects in clinical studies or IRB approval documents. The Chulalongkorn Medical Journal follows the guidelines by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE, that set standards and provide guidelines for best practices in order to meet these requirements. The journal adheres to ensure the standards of expected ethical behavior for all parties related to the act of authors, peer reviewers, and editors.

Duties of Authors

  1. Authors should provide an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance.
  2. The authors should ensure their original works, and if the authors have applied the work and/or words of others, that this has been appropriately quoted and permission has been acquired where necessary.
  3. The authors should present their findings clearly, honestly without fabrication, falsification or inappropriate manner.
  4. The authors describe their methods unambiguously, therefore their results can be reproducible.
  5. Authors should not publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal of primary publication. Multiple, redundant or concurrent Publication is unacceptable.
  6. Authorship should reflect individuals who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made substantial contributions should be listed as co-authors.
  7. All sources of funding and potential conflicts of interest should be disclosed.
  8. The corresponding author must confirm that the corresponding author had final responsibility for the decision to submit for publication and had full access to all the data in the study.

Duties of Reviewers

  1. The reviewers should provide prompt, timely, and unbiased response to the Editors on manuscripts.
  2. The reviewers should alert the editors of any possible reasons or potential conflicts of interest involved in a manuscript or its authors, or knowledge of a study, and withdraw from the process.
  3. The reviewers should keep confidentiality of the entire documents in the review process.
  4. The reviewers should notify the editors of any plagiarism where authors have not quoted or cited appropriately or duplicated work in publications, including their own.
  5. The reviewers should provide timely feedback to authors who do not personally criticize them and provides clear supportive statements to back up their review decisions.
  6. The reviewers should notify the editor and decline to participate in the review process if they feel unqualified or do not have the expertise to review the research reported in a manuscript.
  7. The reviewers never use unpublished materials disclosed in the review process in their own research without permission of the authors.

Duties of Editors

  1. The editor is solely and independently responsible for deciding which of the articles should be published. The editor may consult editorial board or reviewers in making the decisions.
  2. The editor should ensure that the peer review process is fair, unbiased, and timely.
  3. The editor should select reviewers who have suitable expertise in the relevant field and shall follow best practice in avoiding the selection of fraudulent peer reviewers
  4. Editors should guard the integrity of the published record by issuing corrections and retractions when needed and pursuing suspected or alleged research and publication misconduct.
  5. Editors should critically assess the ethical conduct of studies in humans and animals.
  6. Editors should have appropriate policies in place for handling editorial conflicts of interest.
  7. The editor must protect the confidentiality of all material submitted to the journal.